5. März Ausverkaufte Hallen und Millionenpreisgelder: Faszination eSport . Im Video: Das sind die zehn einflussreichsten Videospiele der Geschichte. 8. Aug. Die Welt des Sports ist vielfältig. Das Kapital klassischer Leichtathleten ist ihr Körper. Schachspieler vertrauen auf ihren Denkmuskel und. Apr. Alles rund ums Thema eSport und warum dieser Sport nicht ignoriert werden sollte.
Es wurde angekündigt den Beitritt anzuvisieren. April gab die IeSF bekannt, sich um eine Anerkennung durch das Internationale Olympische Komitee zu bemühen und einen entsprechenden Antrag am Februar eingereicht zu haben.
Eine erste Bewertung soll im Dezember erfolgen. In der Öffentlichkeit wird E-Sport sowohl negativ als auch positiv dargestellt. Dadurch wird suggeriert, dass es im E-Sport vorrangig um den Umgang mit virtuellen Waffen oder das Töten von virtuellen Gegnern geht und nicht der sportliche Wettkampf im Vordergrund steht.
Juli erschien in Japan der Film Game King: Neben den Websites der Clans und Spieler haben sich unabhängige journalistische Angebote gebildet.
Fragster wurde geschlossen . Im englischsprachigen Raum nehmen diese Position esportsheaven , in Schweden rakaka und fragbite ein.
Computerspiele im E-Sport verfügen häufig einen Spectator-Modus, über den interessierte den Spielern beim Wettkampf zusehen können.
Ein halbes Jahr später erschien die Zeitschrift Pro Gam3r anlässlich der QuakeCon erstmals, die jedoch nach drei Veröffentlichungen wieder eingestellt wurde.
Vereinzelt werden weitere E-Sport Veranstaltungen im internationalen Sprachbereich übertragen. Die Spiele einzelner E-Sportler verfolgen über Minuten Spielübertragung von 45 Mio.
In der ZDF-Sportreportage vom August werden mit Hinweis auf die eigenmotorische Aktivität einer Sportart bisherige Gründe gegen eine Anerkennung genannt:.
Die Sportwissenschaftlerin Carmen Borggrefe weist darauf hin, dass Kriterien wie erhöhter Herzschlag, hohe koordinative Anforderungen, Reaktionsfähigkeit oder der Trainingsaufwand sowie die Existenz von Wettbewerben auch auf andere gesellschaftliche Bereiche wie Musik zutreffen würden.
Bei allen Sportarten gehe es dagegen um die Kommunikation von körperlicher Leistung, beim E-Sport sei dies nicht gegeben.
Dass E-Sport in Deutschland nicht anerkannt ist, liegt laut E-Sport-Vertretern zum Teil an der geringen Technologieakzeptanz in Europa, aber auch an der im oberen Abschnitt beschriebenen negativen Wahrnehmung von Computerspielen.
Es handele sich um einen weltweit verwendeten umgangssprachlichen Begriff. In einem von der Piratenpartei Berlin angefragten Gutachten über Voraussetzungen und Auswirkungen der Anerkennung von eSport als Sportart kommt der Wissenschaftliche Parlamentsdienst des Abgeordnetenhauses von Berlin zum Ergebnis, dass eSport […] nach derzeitiger Rechtslage nicht als Sport im rechtlichen Sinne anzusehen und deshalb rechtlich nicht als Sportart anerkennungsfähig ist.
Durch bestimmte Regeln und der Unterscheidbarkeit von verschiedenen Disziplinen weist E-Sport typische Eigenschaften einer Sportart auf.
E-Sport wird meist als Denksport kategorisiert. In Brasilien wird E-Sport ebenfalls von der Regierung anerkannt.
Dies ist die gesichtete Version , die am 7. November markiert wurde. Es gibt 1 ausstehende Änderung , die noch gesichtet werden muss.
Liste der erfolgreichsten E-Sportler nach Preisgeld. Verbände und Organisationen im E-Sport. Kompetenzzentrum Öffentliche IT Hrsg.
Jens Fromm, Mike Weber Hrsg. Öffentliche Informationstechnologie in der digitalisierten Gesellschaft. Berlin , ISBN oeffentliche-it.
Untersuchungen zum Vermarktungspotenzial von eSport in Deutschland Memento vom Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology.
Oxford, Clarendon Press, S. Januar im Internet Archive In: Der Link wurde automatisch als defekt markiert. August im Internet Archive In: Der Archivlink wurde automatisch eingesetzt und noch nicht geprüft.
Juli im Internet Archive In: Spiele-Boom in Korea Memento vom Februar im Internet Archive In: Memento des Originals vom 1. Memento des Originals vom E-Sports Memento vom Die industrielle Entwicklung des E-Sports in Korea.
Festschrift für Professor Dr. Getting wet in Busan: JoongAng Daily vom So fiebern Sie mit beim Millionen-Dollar-Turnier.
Süddeutsche Zeitung Online, August , abgerufen am Dezember im Internet Archive In: Juni im Internet Archive In: Spiegel Magazine ; Marco Evers: Jungs mit fliegenden Fingern.
About eSports Memento vom Brillant spielen reicht nicht. Korea Times , Advanced Search Find a Library. Your list has reached the maximum number of items.
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Please enter your name. The E-mail message field is required. Please enter the message. In fact the lift force of a kite is proportional to the air density.
Since both the temperature and the relative humidity are important detrimental factors in the air density, the kiters subjective valuation is correct.
Most kitesurfing takes place along ocean shores, usually off beaches, but it can also be practiced on large lakes and inlets and occasionally on rivers.
Since kiteboarding relies heavily on favorable, consistent wind conditions, certain locations tend to become popular and sought out by kiteboarders.
Kitesurfing with endangered Black sea common dolphins off Sochi. Kitesurfing near Prasonisi, Rhodes , Greece. A power kite is available in two major forms: Leading edge inflatable kites , known also as inflatables , LEI kites , are typically made from ripstop polyester with an inflatable plastic bladder that spans the front edge of the kite with separate smaller bladders that are perpendicular to the main bladder to form the chord or foil of the kite.
LEIs are the most popular choice among kitesurfers thanks to their quicker and more direct response to the rider's inputs, easy relaunchability if crashed into the water and resilient nature.
If an LEI kite hits the water or ground too hard or is subjected to substantial wave activity, bladders can burst or it can be torn apart.
In , Bow kites also known as flat LEI kites were developed with features including a concave trailing edge, a shallower arc in planform, and a distinctive bridle with multiple attachment points along the leading edge.
These features allow the kite's angle of attack to be altered more and thus adjust the amount of power being generated to a much greater degree than previous LEIs.
These kites can be fully depowered, which is a significant safety feature. They can also cover a wider wind range than a comparable C-shaped kite.
The ability to adjust the angle of attack also makes them easier to re-launch when lying front first on the water. Bow kites are popular with riders from beginner to advanced levels.
Most LEI kite manufacturers developed a variation of the bow kite by In , second generation flat LEI kites were developed which combine near total depower and easy, safe relaunch with higher performance, no performance penalties and reduced bar pressure.
In , Naish introduced another kite design, with their "Sigma Series" of kites. These kites are a SLE design and feature a unique "bird in flight" shape with the center of the kite swept back to put much of the sail area behind the tow point, which Naish claims has multiple benefits.
In , the performance revolution shows no sign of slowing. Bridled designs feel more like C kites, and five-line hybrids have better depower capability than ever before.
Between and kite technology has continued to grow. Kites have become lighter, more durable, much easier to launch and safer.
Manufacturers have continued to add new safety features. This has resulted in a growing number of new riders, both younger and older.
In , there are at least 20 "major" kite manufacturers, each with multiple models available. Many of the manufacturers are on their third or fourth generation of kites.
Foil kites are also mostly fabric ripstop nylon with air pockets air cells to provide it with lift and a fixed bridle to maintain the kite's arc-shape, similar to a paraglider.
Foil kites have the advantage of not needing to have bladders manually inflated, a process which, with an LEI, can take up to ten minutes.
Foil kites are designed with either an open or closed cell configuration. Kites come in sizes ranging from 0.
In general, the larger the surface area, the more power the kite has. Kite power is also directly linked to speed, and smaller kites can be flown faster in stronger winds.
The kite size—wind speed curve tapers off, so going to a larger kite to reach lower wind ranges becomes futile at a wind speed of around eight knots.
Kites come in a variety of designs. Some kites are more rectangular in shape; others have more tapered ends; each design determines the kite's flying characteristics.
High aspect ratios ribbon-like kites develop more power in lower wind speeds. Seasoned kiteboarders will likely have three or more kite sizes which are needed to accommodate various wind levels, although bow kites may change this, as they present an enormous wind range; some advanced kiters use only one bow kite.
Smaller kites are used by light riders, or in strong wind conditions; larger kites are used by heavier riders or in light wind conditions.
Larger and smaller kiteboards have the same effect: In general, however, most kiteboarders only need one board and one to three kites sq m in size.
Kiteboarding is a seen as a mid to high intensity, but freeriding can be actually a low intensity practice like walking, and is usually done in long sessions of up to 2—3 hours.
It is amenable to almost all ages, at least from teenagers up to 70 years old or more. Power kites are powerful enough to pull the rider like a boat in wakeboarding and to lift their users to diving heights.
An uncontrolled kite can be dangerous, especially in difficult environments. A rider can lose control from falling or from sudden wind gusts, which can occur in the presence of strong winds from squalls or storms "collard".
It is possible to be seriously injured after being lofted, dragged, carried off, blown downwind or dashed, resulting in a collision with hard objects including sand, buildings, terrain or power lines or even by hitting the water surface with sufficient speed or height "kitemare", a portmanteau of kite and nightmare.
Adequate quality professional kiteboarding training , careful development of experience and consistent use of good judgement and safety gear should result in fewer problems in kiteboarding.
Weather forecasting and awareness is the principal factor to safe kiteboarding. Lack of weather awareness and understanding the figures is frequent, but avoiding weather problems is possible.
Lack of a sufficient downwind buffer distance between the kiter and hard objects has contributed to accidents reducing the available distance and time for reaction.
Jumping and being airborne at inappropriate places such as shallow water or near fixed or floating objects can be hazardous.
Collisions with wind surfers, other kite boarders or water craft are hazards, particularly at busy locations.
Solo kiteboarding has been a frequent contributing cause to accidents; kiteboarders should try to kite with friends and keep an eye on one another.
A kitesurfer can get farther from shore than an easy swim , which is the primary reason kitesurfing in directly offshore winds is discouraged.
Marine hazards include sharks , jellyfish , sea otters , dolphins , and even crocodiles , depending on the location. Drowning has been a factor in severe accidents as well and may have been avoided in some cases through the use of an appropriate flotation aid or impact vest and development of acceptable swimming skills.
Some kite designs from late and onwards have included immediate and almost full depower integrated with the control bar and improved quick release mechanisms, both of which are making the sport much safer.
However, lack of sufficient practice of emergency depowering the kite and going out in excessively strong or unstable weather can reduce the benefit of high depower kites.
Another important part of the safety equipment is the impact vest, which doubles as an improved floatation device. It reduces the severity of eventual impacts, but also improves the user endurance in the long procedures of self-rescue in deep waters, which almost every freeriding kiter experiences sooner or later.
It is also important and overlooked as a complement to the harness, precluding it to climb along the chest during powerful kite loops, which otherwise would hurt the ribs.
The other important pieces of a reasonable safety kit are the safety hook knife to cut tangled lines, the helmet in a high visibility colour, a wet suit of reasonable thickness, depending on the water temperature, and possibly neoprene boots if the beach has much shellfish or hard rocks.
Accidents can generate serious injuries or even be deadly. On 30 missions, there was no fatalities but five injuries: Advances in hybrid and bow kite designs leads to a better ability to control the power that they provide and effective safety release systems.
While some countries have specific regulations on flying kites that may also apply to kitesurfing,  most don't. However a kitesurfer should comply to the sailing rules regulating water crafts in many countries, like the U.
The first such rule is the prudential rule: Kite High Rule - A kiter who is upwind closest to the wind must keep their kite high to avoid their lines crossing those of downwind kiters.
Similarly, the downwind kiter must keep their kite low to avoid their lines crossing upwind kites. This applies regardless of whether kiters are on the same, or opposing courses.
Clearance Rule - A kiter while jumping must have a clear safety zone of at least 50m downwind because they will move downwind during the jump.
A rider must also have a clear safety zone of 30m upwind to jump as his lines could touch the kite or the lines of another rider kiteboarding close by see Kite High rule.
It's important to also consider potential hazards downwind and crosswind of the rider such as people, buildings, trees and other fixed obstacles.
Because of the clearance rule a jumper never has the right of way. In simple terms, this means "keep right" with the kiter coming in the opposite direction passing on the left.
In sailing terms, a sailor or kiter with right of way is entitled to "insist" on exercising that right warning opposing kiters by shouting "starboard" clearly and in good time.
Many of the sailing rules of right of way are different expressions that the most maneuverable craft should give way to the less maneuverable one.
Therefore kiters should give way to fishing vessels, but not to a jet ski. Other boating rules such as no-go zones, distance from shore and swimmers also apply.
Keep in mind that a kiteboarding quiver for a single user could typically include kites and boards. With the innovation associated with foil boards and foil kites these numbers will increase.
With the exception of foil kites, these equipment pieces are quite rugged and would last from 3 up to 10 years of active use, and be repaired and resold several times.
This aftermarket further improves the market development, removing cost barriers for newbies which improves the popularity of the sport, and eventually could bring up new products and services based on a much larger market scale.
The sport is utterly convenient regarding transportation and storage, since the kites are foldable and the boards are smaller than surf and paddling boards.
Compared to other sailing sports, kiteboarding is among the less expensive and more convenient. Moreover, nearby most metropolitan areas, it can be practised almost all year long, since it just requires some wind and a reasonably flat surface, like an estuary, a lake, a sandy strip, or a snow flat.
Despite the image of a youth radical sport, many newcomers are middle age, older than the typical wakeboard or snowboard practitioners. Such trends are quite conspicuous, not so much in the trendy summer holiday locations, but in the low season in metropolitan areas around the globe, where kiteboarding is becoming a regular practice for people of middle income, living in apartments not so close to the waterfront, for a short evasion and substituting for the gym.
Recovery from falling is relatively easy the kites, especially the newest models, stay normally aloft to pull the rider out of the water, with little effort as is changing tacks, even in strong wind.
Staying upwind is regarded as an advanced technique. Recovery from falling takes more effort than kiting. The rider needs to either up haul the sail standing on the board non planing conditions or water start planing conditions , which both take some balance.
Up hauling large sails can be a bit of work. Falling into the water is part of the overall experience experts can go days without a fall.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Kiteboarding disambiguation. This article possibly contains original research.
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December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Kiwi kitesurfing company takes off". The New Zealand Herald.
Andrea with surfboard and skywing. Archived from the original on 23 June Retrieved 16 June World Sailing Speed Record Council.
Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 6 December Retrieved March 28, Archived from the original on 4 April Florida KiteSurfing Association Forum.
Flying In Dirty Air". British Journal of Sports Medicine. Archived from the original on Are you aware of the Rules??